Electrically evoked multiplet discharges are associated with more marked clinical deterioration in motor neuron disease

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Abstract

Introduction:

The aim of this study was to determine whether electrically evoked multiplet discharges (MDs) are related to severity of clinical deterioration in motor neuron disease (MND). Methods: Stimulated high-density surface electromyographic (HDsEMG) recordings were performed in thenar muscles. Data were collected from 31 MND patients. MDs from the HDsEMG recordings were determined at baseline. ALSFRS-R scores were obtained at baseline and at a maximum of 16 weeks follow-up. Results: The presence of MDs was associated with progressive deterioration of ALSFRS-R score (P = 0.02) and fine motor function (FMF) (P < 0.001). Patients who had a higher number of motor units that generated MDs (r = 0.61, P < 0.001) and patients who had a higher number of MDs (as percentage of applied stimuli) (r = 0.59, P = 0.001) had a more severe decline in FMF. Conclusions: Electrically evoked MDs are associated with more marked clinical deterioration in patients with MND. Muscle Nerve 53: 222–226, 2016

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