Congenital myasthenic syndrome due to novelCHATmutations in an ethnic kadazandusun family

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Abstract

Introduction:

Choline acetyltransferase (CHAT) gene mutations cause a rare presynaptic congenital myasthenic syndrome due to impaired acetylcholine resynthesis.

Methods:

We report 2 Kadazandusun brothers with novel heterozygous CHAT mutations.

Results:

The siblings were from a family of 7 children of nonconsanguineous parents, 3 who died from apneic crises. Both presented in infancy with ptosis and exertional limb weakness, but only 1 apnea episode was reported in the older sibling. The elder brother had a positive edrophonium test, and both were negative for acetylcholine receptor antibodies but improved with pyridostigmine treatment. A subsequent repetitive nerve stimulation test showed marked decremental response in the abductor digiti minimi only after prolonged ulnar nerve stimulation. Two novel CHAT gene mutations, p.Val306Leu and p.Ser704del were detected; the parents carried 1 mutation each.

Conclusions:

Differences in survival demonstrate phenotypic variability within the same family and a relatively good long-term outcome of the surviving siblings. Muscle Nerve53: 822–826, 2016

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