Cryptococcal meningitis in the immunocompromised host: intracranial hypertension and other complications

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Abstract

Cryptococcosis as a complication of the immunocompromised host has dramatically increased in frequency since the start of the AIDS epidemic. This trend has heightened awareness of the complications of cryptococcal meningitis; of these, intracranial hypertension is common, severe, and life-threatening, as exemplified by three cases in our institutions presented here in detail. An aggressive approach to management of this complication has not been the standard of care, but neurosurgical interventional studies combined with physiologic observations suggest early intervention may reduce the devastating morbidity and mortality.

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