Incorporation of lapatinib into lipoprotein-like nanoparticles with enhanced water solubility and anti-tumor effect in breast cancer

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Abstract

Aim:

The poor water solubility of many active compounds is a serious deterrent to their use as commercial drugs. Lapatinib is a dual inhibitor of the EGF receptor and EGF receptor 2 approved by the US FDA to treat advanced breast cancer. This study prepares lapatinib-incorporated lipoprotein-like nanoparticles (LTNPs) to enhance the water solubility and elevate the anti-tumor effect of lapatinib.

Materials & methods:

Bovine albumin was used to bind with lapatinib, and egg yolk lecithin was used to stabilize the conjugation of bovine albumin and lapatinib. The characteristics of LTNPs were evaluated by several experiments. Cell uptake and toxicity were performed on BT-474 cells. In vivo anti-tumor effect was performed on BT-474 xenograft-bearing mice.

Results:

LTNPs contained a lipid corona and a core of lapatinib and albumin. LTNPs could be effectively taken up by BT-474 cells and induced apoptosis. An in vivo study demonstrated that LTNPs could passively distribute into a tumor via the enhanced permeability and retention effect and induce anti-tumor activity in breast cancer.

Conclusion:

The authors present a convenient nanoformulation with improved anti-tumor effect, which is a promising candidate for clinical trials.

Conclusion:

Original submitted 28 May 2012; Revised submitted 31 August 2012; Published online 4 March 2013

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