|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Over the past 30 years, continuous progress in the application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) to the detection, diagnosis and characterization of human prostate cancer has turned what began as scientific curiosity into a useful clinical option. In vivo MRSI technology has been integrated into the daily care of prostate cancer patients, and innovations in ex vivo methods have helped to establish NMR-based prostate cancer metabolomics. Metabolomic and multimodality imaging could be the future of the prostate cancer clinic—particularly given the rationale that more accurate interrogation of a disease as complex as human prostate cancer is most likely to be achieved through paradigms involving multiple, instead of single and isolated, parameters. The research and clinical results achieved through in vivo MRSI and ex vivo NMR investigations during the first 11 years of the 21st century illustrate areas where these technologies can be best translated into clinical practice.