Bursts of high-frequency synchronized electrical activity in the dog neocortex during food-related operant conditioning

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Bursts of high-frequency (HF, 80-90 Hz, 70-80 μV) oscillations in the electrical activity (EA, 1-200 Hz) of the dog neocortex were studied during operant conditioning. These bursts of HF oscillations appeared in the EA of interstimulus intervals at the generalization stage on a background of dominant oscillations of lower frequency and amplitude (10-40 μV). Use of a new strategy for primary analysis of EA production (specifically, a coefficient of inhomogeneity) allowed amplitude-frequency inhomogeneity of the EA to be estimated, with isolation of bursts of HF oscillations. Use of an original nonharmonic analysis, consisting of expansion of EA waves into a system of half-waves which were used to construct distribution maps, revealed the regional properties of bursts of HF oscillations. The results of these investigations supplement previous data obtained using other methodological approaches (Fourier transformation and spectral density factor analysis). The properties of bursts of HF oscillations observed here provide evidence for the differential involvement of cortical areas (even close-lying areas separated by distances of 3-5 mm) in the spatial-temporal organization of potentials typical of this conditioning paradigm.

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