In conventional haemodialysis (CHD), the morbidity and mortality rate is unacceptably high; consequently, variations in the length and frequency of the haemodialysis sessions have been studied to reduce the complications of dialysis treatment. In this sense, high-efficiency short daily haemodialysis (SDHD) has been proposed as an alternative for patients on renal replacement therapy. In this study, we have related our experience with this dialysis modality.Methods
Twenty-six patients (16 males, mean age 35.6 ± 14.7 years) were treated by SDHD for 33.6 ± 18.5 months (range 6–57 months). The mean time on CHD before the switch to SDHD was 25.5 ± 31.9 months (range 1–159 months). In 23 (88.5%) patients, native arteriovenous fistulae were used for vascular access. SDHD was performed six times a week, 1.5–2 h per session, and high flux polysulfone dialysers (surface area: 1.8 m2) were employed. The blood flow and dialysate flow rate were 350 and 800 ml/min, respectively.Results
In this trial, the patient survival was 100%. The vascular access survival after 12, 24, 36 and 48 months on SDHD was 100, 89, 89 and 80%, respectively. There were three failures of vascular access in 72.7 patient-years (0.04 failures/patient-year). In 15 patients on SDHD during 36 consecutive months, the vascular access survival after 12, 24, 36 and 48 months was 100, 93, 93 and 84%, respectively. Also, in this group of patients, there were 0.27 hospitalizations/patient-year and 1.24 days of hospitalizations/patient-year.Conclusions
We concluded that in a long-time study of patients on SDHD the morbidity and mortality rate is very low. Furthermore, we observed that failures of vascular access are not a significant problem. Consequently, we believe that SDHD is a powerful renal replacement therapy for treatment of patients on maintenance haemodialysis.