Heat shock response protects human peritoneal mesothelial cells from dialysate-induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial injury

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Chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) is one of the major therapies for uremic patients. However, the peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) are subject to the injury by bioincompatible dialysates. The aim of this study is to investigate the protective roles and mechanisms of heat shock response in PMCs.


Primary cultured human PMCs (HPMCs) were subjected to commercial peritoneal dialysates. The cell viability was assayed by MTT test and Annexin V assay. The expression of HSPs was detected by Western blots analysis. Intracellular hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion were detected using H2DCFDA and dHE probe, respectively, with flow cytometry. The mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) of HPMCs was evaluated using JC1 probe with flow-cytometry.


Exposure of HPMCs to 1.5%, 2.5%, and 4.25% dextrose, and 7.5% icodextrin dialysates, respectively, for 60 min resulted in significantly accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), ΔΨm loss, and cell death in HPMCs. Amino acid dialysates exhibited no significant cytotoxicity. Adjusting the acidity in 1.5% dextrose and icodextrin dialysate significantly attenuated the dialysate-induced ROS generation and cell death in HPMCs. Heat pretreatment (41°C, 30 minutes), which induced HSP 27 and 72 syntheses, significantly attenuated the dialysate-induced intracellular ROS accumulation, Dym loss, and cell death in HPMCs.


In conclusion, the acidic bioincompatible dialysates induce oxidative stress, ΔΨm loss, and subsequent cell death in HPMCs. Amino acid dialysates is more biocompatible than glucose and icodextrin dialysates to HPMCs. Heat shock response protects HPMCs from the bioincompatible dialysates-induced cellular damage.

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