Attention Health Care Leaders: Literature Review Deems Baccalaureate Nurses Improve Patient Outcomes


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Abstract

AIMThis review of studies conducted since the 2011 publication of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report “The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health” evaluates the current state of evidence showing an association between an increased ratio of BSN-prepared nursing staff and improved patient outcomes.BACKGROUNDThe IOM established a nationwide goal to increase the number of BSN nurses to 80 percent by 2020 to meet the challenges seen in today’s health care environment.METHODThe literature search included a five-year (2011-2016) span following the initial release of the IOM report.RESULTSMortality, failure to rescue, and readmission rates all decrease as the proportion of BSN nurses is increased in a nursing staffing ratio.CONCLUSIONIt is the recommendation of this project that nurse leaders and organizations support the findings of this literature review and the IOM BSN recommendation.

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