Differential expression of genes related to purinergic signaling in smooth muscle cells, PDGFRα-positive cells, and interstitial cells of Cajal in the murine colon

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Abstract

Background

Purinergic signaling provides regulation of colonic motility. Smooth muscle cells (SMC), interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), and platelet-derived growth factor receptor α-positive (PDGFRα+) cells are electrically coupled and form a functional (SIP) syncytium that constitutes the receptive field for motor neurotransmitters in the tunica muscularis. Each cell type in the SIP syncytium has specialized functions in mediating motor neurotransmission. We compared gene transcripts for purinergic receptors and membrane-bound enzymes for purine degradation expressed by each cell type of the SIP syncytium.

Methods

Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) was used to purify SMC, ICC, and PDGFRα+ cells from mixed cell populations of colonic muscles dispersed from reporter strains of mice with constitutive expression of green fluorescent proteins. Differential expression of functional groups of genes related to purinergic signaling was determined by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).

Key Results

We detected marked phenotypic differences among SMC, ICC, and PDGFRα+ cells. Substantial numbers of genes of importance in purinergic neurotransmission were enriched in PDGFRα+ cells in relation to SMC and ICC. Notably, genes related to mediating effects and extracellular biotransformation of enteric purinergic inhibitory neurotransmitters were strongly expressed by PDGFRα+ cells.

Conclusions & Inferences

Our results demonstrate differential expression of genes for proteins involved in purinergic signaling in the SIP syncytium. These results may further clarify the specific functions of each cell type, identify novel biomarkers for postjunctional cells, and provide hypotheses for further studies to understand the physiological roles of cells of the SIP syncytium.

Conclusions & Inferences

Smooth muscle cells, interstitial cells of Cajal and cells expressing platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRalpha+ cells) in murine colon tunica muscularis demonstrate differential expression of genes for proteins involved in purinergic signaling. Therefore, each cell type likely serves specific functions in mediating responses to extracellular purine neurotransmitters and paracrine mediators.

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