Successful memory involves not only remembering information over time but also keeping memories distinct and less confusable. Discrimination of overlapping representations has been investigated in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus and largely in the perirhinal cortex (Prh). In particular, the DG was shown to be important for discrimination of overlapping spatial memories and Prh was shown to be important for discrimination of overlapping object memories. In the present study, we used both a DG-dependent and a Prh-dependent task and manipulated the load of similarity between either spatial or object stimuli during information encoding. We showed that N-methyl-D-aspartate-type glutamate receptors (NMDAr) and BDNF participate of the same cellular network during consolidation of both overlapping object and spatial memories in the Prh and DG, respectively. This argues in favor of conserved cellular mechanisms across regions despite anatomical differences.