Complex Congenital Heart Defect, Heterotaxy, Imperforate Anus, and Other Congenital Anomalies in a 27-Week Infant: A Case Study

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According to multiple researchers and studies, congenital heart disease (CHD) occurs in approximately 4.8-12.0 of 1,000 live births in the general population, and 2.4 per 1,000 cases are serious enough to require surgery or cardiac catheterization in the first year of life.1 Historically, it has been assumed that the earlier the gestational age with CHD, the poorer the outcome; however, with continued improvements in neonatal care, this hypothesis should be looked at more closely. This case illustrates the challenges associated with prematurity, complex cardiac defects, intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), and other congenital anomalies that increase the risk of infection and/or surgical intervention. It will discuss the hospital course of a twin, born at 27 weeks gestation, who was found to have all of these diagnoses, yet, despite the complexity of his case, he had a predominantly uncomplicated hospital course.

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