Prospective study of progression of kidney dysfunction in community-dwelling older adults

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Abstract

Aim

Few prospective studies have assessed renal dysfunction in older persons. We sought to define kidney dysfunction among a community-based cohort of elderly subjects and to determine the factors for its progression.

Mehtods

The Epidemiologia do Idoso (EPIDOSO) Study is a prospective study of individuals ≥65 years old (mean 72.6 ± 0.3), living in the community in the city of São Paulo. The creatinine clearance (CrCl) of 269 individuals of this cohort was estimated during 8 years of follow-up. The rate of decline in CrCl was calculated using linear regression analysis and dividing the group into tertiles of CrCl change.

Results

Overall mean change in CrCl was −2.37 ± 0.23 mL/min per year. Mean age increased with the greatest degree of decline in renal function (71.1 ± 0.59, 72.5 ± 0.54 and 74.3 ± 0.58, for the first, second and third CrCl change tertiles, respectively, P < 0.01). A higher value of baseline CrCl was associated with progressive decline in CrCl (P < 0.01). Diastolic BP was greater in the second versus the first estimated glomerular filtration rate tertile (83 ± 1 vs 80 ± 1 mmHg, P < 0.05). High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was inversely associated with CrCl decline (P < 0.05).

Conclusion

Progression of kidney dysfunction occurs in most community-dwelling elderly. Strategies aimed at slowing the progression should be considered for possible risk factors of older age, baseline CrCl, BP and HDL.

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