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In this paper, we investigate the impact of chaos on the learning process of the XOR-boolean function by backpropagation neural networks. It has been shown previously that such networks exhibit chaotic behavior but it has never been studied whether chaos enhances or prohibits learning. We show that chaos (when learning the XOR-boolean function) does indeed allow learning but our findings do not indicate any positive role of chaos for learning. In particular, we found that the temperature parameter in the backpropagation algorithm causes the parameter regime, as represented by means of a bifurcation diagram, to shift to the right. We furthermore found that as less chaos appears during the learning process, the faster, on the average, a neural network learned the XOR-function.