The Polyphenol Piceid Destabilizes Preformed Amyloid Fibrils and Oligomers In Vitro: Hypothesis on Possible Molecular Mechanisms

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Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by deposits of amyloid in various tissues. The neuronal cytotoxicity of Aβ peptides is attributed not only to various mechanisms but also to amyloid fibrils and soluble oligomeric intermediates. Consequently, finding molecules to prevent or reverse the oligomerization and fibrillization of Aβ could be of therapeutic value in the treatment of AD. We show that piceid, a polyphenol of the stilbene family, destabilized fibrils and oligomers to give back monomers that are not neurotoxic molecules. The mechanism of this destabilization could be a dynamic interaction between the polyphenol and the Aβ that could open the hydrophobic zipper and shift the reversible equilibrium “random coil↔β-sheet” to the disordered structure.

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