SLEEP and body temperature characteristics were studied in man in baseline (B), 24 h-constant routine (CR) and recovery (R) after the CR. The sleep advanced and deepened the trough of the minimum temperature when compared with CR. No relevant difference in minimum body temperature, or in the slope of temperature decrease was found, however, between B and R sleeping nights. No correlation was found between the amount of slow wave sleep and body cooling. The results do not support a homeostatic role of slow wave sleep in brain and/or body cooling.