Changes in mRNA for metabotropic glutamate receptors after transient cerebral ischaemia

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USING a rat 4-vessel occlusion model of cerebral ischaemia we studied the changes in the mRNA level for the metabotropic receptor subtypes mGluR1α, mGluR1β, mGluR2, mGluR3, mGluR4, and mGluR5 by means of in situ hybridization with oligonucleotides. After 24 hours of reperfusion the mRNA levels were significantly increased for mGluR2 and mGluR4 while it was significantly decreased for mGluR5. These results suggest that vulnerable neurones react to an increased extracellular glutamate concentration by differential regulation of the mRNA for metabotropic glutamate receptor subtypes which perhaps reflects the different pre- or postsynaptic location and different involvement in ischaemic neurodegeneration.

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