Olfactory bulb ensheathing cells enhance peripheral nerve regeneration

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SCIATIC nerve resection leaving a 15 mm gap could not be repaired by bridging the stumps with a silicone tube prefilled with a laminin gel. However, when purified olfactory ensheathing cells (EC) were added to the gel filling the tube, successful axonal regeneration was observed in 50% of rats. With 12 mm gaps, regeneration occurred in 79% of rats with transplanted EC compared with 60% of those receiving collagen gel alone. Therefore, ECs help repair severe peripheral nerve injuries, in addition to their ability to promote axonal regeneration within the central nervous system.

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