In cockroach antennae, sensory afferents from sensilla on the anterodorsal surface of the flagellum form the anterior antennal nerve, while afferents from the posteroventral surface form the posterior nerve. Anterograde staining was used to investigate afferent termination profiles in the glomeruli of the antennal lobe. The densities of terminal arborizations from the two nerves differed between glomeruli, with groupings of similar glomeruli evident. Individual glomeruli showed heterogeneous distribution of afferent terminals, with posterior nerve afferent terminals occurring near the nerve/glomeruli interface, and anterior nerve afferent terminals occurring on the opposite side. This study demonstrates, for the first time, a correlation between the distribution of primary afferent terminals in the individual glomeruli, and their origin on the surface of the flagellum.