In recent studies, oxytocin showed potential for the treatment of mental diseases. CD38 is essential for oxytocin release, and hence plays a critical role in social behavior. CD38 catalyzes β-NAD+ into cyclic ADP ribose (cADPR), which could elevate the intracellular Ca2+ by Ca2+-permeable channels for oxytocin secretion. The temperature-sensitive cation channel, transient receptor potential melastatin-2 (TRPM2), is a cation-nonselective cation and has been shown to affect oxytocin indirectly. The aim of the present study was to verify the participation of temperature and TRPM2 in CD38-regulated oxytocin release. The crude membranes were prepared to isolate the nerve terminals from the posterior pituitary. At 34°C, 37°C, and 39°C, agonists (β-NAD+, ADPR, cADPR) and antagonists (8-Br-cADPR, 2-APB) were used to stimulate the nerve terminals. Oxytocin releases were investigated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In addition, the expression of TRPM2 and CD38 in the hypothalamus and pituitary was detected by western blotting and quantitative PCR. CD38 agonists (β-NAD+, cADPR) and antagonist (8-Br-cADPR) could increase or reduce the oxytocin release, respectively. TRPM2 agonist (ADPR) and antagonist (2-APB) alone could also regulate oxytocin release. Furthermore, temperature could increase agonist stimulation and attenuate the antagonist inhibition on oxytocin release. In addition, CD38 and TRPM2 were expressed in the hypothalamus and pituitary at both the mRNA and the protein level. TRPM2 in pituitary nerve terminals plays a role in oxytocin release. Temperature- enhanced oxytocin release by CD38 and TRPM2. TRPM2 might be involved in the process of CD38-regulated oxytocin release.