Clinical neurology is constantly searching for reliable indices of ischemic brain damage to prevent a possible development of stroke. We suggest that resting state electroencephalogram (rsEEG) with respect to other clinical data may provide important information about the severity of ischemia. We carried out correlation analysis of rsEEG, data of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography of head vessels, and clinical assessment scores collected from healthy volunteers and four groups of patients with mild chronic microvascular ischemia (CMI-1), moderate CMI (CMI-2), severe atrophy of the cerebral hemisphere, ischemic stroke in the left middle cerebral artery stroke, and ischemic stroke in the right middle cerebral artery stroke. Using independent component analysis and k-mean clustering of EEG data, we observed prominent changes in rsEEG reflected in specific distributions of spectral peaks in all groups of patients. We found a significant correlation of EEG spectral distribution and the blood flow velocity in coronal arteries, which was also affected by the severity of ischemia and the localization of stroke. Moreover, EEG spectral distribution was more indicative of early stages of ischemia than the blood flow velocity. Our data support the hypothesis that rsEEG may reflect altered neural activity caused by ischemic brain damage.