Narirutin produces antidepressant-like effects in a chronic unpredictable mild stress mouse model

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Abstract

Depression is a highly debilitating and life-threatening mental disorder, which is accompanied by dysregulation of the peripheral and central immune system. Narirutin (NR), which has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, is one of the active constituents isolated from Citrus unshiu. However, its potential antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effects are poorly understood. The present study was aimed to investigate whether NR confers an antidepressant-like effect in mice exposed to a chronic mild stress (CMS) model of depression. The results showed that NR treatment for 1 week significantly alleviated the depressive-like behaviours of CMS-exposed mice, as indicated by restored decreased sucrose preference and shortened floating time in the forced swimming test. Moreover, NR treatment significantly blocked the CMS-induced anxiety-like behaviors, including increased time spent in the central zone in the open field test, and shortened the latency to feeding in the novelty suppressed feeding test. Taken together, our findings suggested that NR exerted potential antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effects in CMS mice model of depression, which support further exploration into developing NR as a novel agent to treat depression and even other stress-related disorders.

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