Review of Different Electrodiagnostic Studies in Mild Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

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Abstract

Aims

The objective of this study was to evaluate different sensory electrodiagnostic tests in mild carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).

Methods

Forty-seven patients (45 females and 2 males) with a total of 65 hands who attended the electrodiagnosis laboratory with the complaints of paresthesia, tingling, and pain in the median nerve distribution area for at least 1 month, at least 3 times/wk were included in the study. Patients with a history of CTS surgery, decreased ulnar sensory nerve action potential amplitude (<12 μV), increased ulnar sensory nerve onset latency (>3.7 ms), increased median motor distal latency (>4.2 ms), polyneuropathy and/or radiculopathy, pacemaker users, and pregnant women were excluded from the study. Electrodiagnostic studies including median and ulnar motor nerve conduction velocities; median sensory nerve conduction velocity (SNCV) of the first, second, and third digit to wrist (D1-W, D2-W, and D3-W) and palm to wrist; sensory median-radial latency difference (MRD) from the thumb; sensory median-ulnar latency difference (MUD) across the wrist over 8-cm segment; and sensory median-ulnar latency difference (MUDF) from the fourth digit were performed.

Results

Median SNCV of D1-W was found pathologic in all patients, MRD in 92.3%, MUDF in 92%, median SNCV of D2-W in 81.5%, MUD in 78.5%, and median SNCV of palm to wrist in 55.62%. In the case where a second test including median SNCV of D1-W, MUDF, or MRD is conducted with median SNCV of D3-W, 100%, 98%, and 97% of patients, respectively, having mild CTS could be diagnosed electrodiagnostically.

Conclusions

For the electrophysiologic diagnosis of patients with probable mild CTS, adding median SNCV of D1-W, MUDF, MRD, and median SNCV of D3-W study could be suggested to increase the accuracy of the diagnosis.

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