The use of ultrasound in neuromuscular diagnoses

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Purpose of review:

The use of ultrasonography for diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders is a relatively new but rapidly expanding field. This review covers key ultrasound findings in primary disease of muscle and nerve.

Recent findings:

Ultrasonography is used routinely for evaluation of entrapment neuropathies, hereditary and inflammatory neuropathies, polyneuropathies, myopathies, and motor neuron disease. When used in association with other electrodiagnostic testing, ultrasound has allowed physicians to increase the yield of clinical evaluation in diagnostic laboratories.


While ultrasonography has not yet replaced the need for electrodiagnostic studies, it has become a useful accompaniment.

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