Multiple sclerosis management and reproductive changes: A guide for general neurologists

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Abstract

Purpose of review

Multiple sclerosis (MS) disease activity and symptoms are tied to hormonal changes. This review explains the current standard of care in MS at various stages of a woman's reproductive life and helps neurologists answer patients' most common questions surrounding MS care and fertility, pregnancy, and menopause.

Recent findings

Recent work has focused on MS risk and exacerbation with variables related to reproductive health. Management of disease-modifying therapies prenatally and postnatally is also a focus.

Summary

This review is a concise, practical guide for general neurologists caring for women with MS. MS is a disease that requires adaptation of management as a woman moves through reproductive stages. With proper planning and management, pregnancy is safe for women with MS. We describe the current standard of care based on trials, when available, and on expert opinion.

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