Quantitative basal CBF and CBF fMRI of rhesus monkeys using three-coil continuous arterial spin labeling

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


A three-coil continuous arterial-spin-labeling technique with a separate neck labeling coil was implemented on a Siemens 3T Trio for quantitative cerebral blood flow (CBF) and CBF fMRI measurements in non-human primates (rhesus monkeys). The optimal labeling power was 2 W, labeling efficiency was 92±2%, and optimal post-labeling delay was 0.8 s. Gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) were segmented based onT1 maps. Quantitative CBF were obtained in 3 min with 1.5-mm isotropic resolution. Whole-brain average ΔS/Swas 1.0–1.5%. GM CBF was 104±3 ml/100 g/min (n=6, SD) and WM CBF was 45±6 ml/100 g/min in isoflurane-anesthetized rhesus monkeys, with the CBF GM/WM ratio of 2.3±0.2. Combined CBF and BOLD (blood-oxygenation-level-dependent) fMRI associated with hypercapnia and hyperoxia were made with 8-s temporal resolution. CBF fMRI responses to 5% CO2 were 59±10% (GM) and 37±4% (WM); BOLD fMRI responses were 2.0±0.4% (GM) and 1.2±0.4% (WM). CBF fMRI responses to 100% O2 were −9.4±2% (GM) and −3.9±2.6% (WM); BOLD responses were 2.4±0.7% (GM) and 0.8±0.2% (WM). The use of a separate neck coil for spin labeling significantly increased CBF signal-to-noise ratio and the use of small receive-only surface coil significantly increased signal-to-noise ratio and spatial resolution. This study sets the stage for quantitative perfusion imaging and CBF fMRI for neurological diseases in anesthetized and awake monkeys.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles