Comparison of doxycycline and minocycline in the inhibition of VEGF-induced smooth muscle cell migration

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Smooth muscle cell migration plays an important role during angiogenesis and vascular remodeling. In this study, we examined the effects of doxycycline and minocycline on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced human aortic smooth muscle cell (HASMCs) migration, and explored the mechanisms in which doxycycline or minocycline inhibit HASMC migration. We demonstrated that both doxycycline and minocycline attain consistent anti-angiogenic effects in the inhibition of HASMC migration via a different signal pathway (p < 0.05). This effect is through attenuating VEGF-induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity (p < 0.05). Doxycycline could increase tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) expression while minocycline down-regulated PI3K/Akt phosphorylation in HASMC. Our study suggests that doxycycline has a stronger ability to inhibit MMP secretion in HASMC by up-regulating endogenous MMPs inhibitor TIMP-1, while minocycline implements anti-angiogenic effect through inhibiting HASMC migration by down-regulating PI3K/Akt pathway.

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