Regulation of the neuronal norepinephrine transporter by endothelin-1 and -3 in the rat anterior and posterior hypothalamus

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Abstract

We previously reported that endothelin-1 and endothelin-3 modulate norepinephrine neuronal release and tyrosine hydroxylase activity and expression in the hypothalamus. In the present study we sought to establish the role of endothelin-1 and -3 in the regulation of norepinephrine uptake in the anterior and posterior hypothalamus. Results showed that in the anterior hypothalamus endothelin-3 increased neuronal norepinephrine uptake whereas endothelin-1 decreased it. Conversely, in the posterior hypothalamic region both endothelins diminished the neuronal uptake of the amine. Endothelins response was concentration dependent and maintained at all studied times. Endothelins also modified the kinetic and internalization of the NE neuronal transporter. In the anterior hypothalamic region endothelin-3 increased the Vmax and the Bmax whereas endothelin-1 decreased them. However, in the posterior hypothalamic region both endothelins diminished the Vmax as well as Bmax. Neither endothelin-1 nor endothelin-3 modified neuronal norepinephrine transporter Kd in the studied hypothalamic regions. These findings support that in the posterior hypothalamic region both endothelins diminished neuronal norepinephrine transporter activity by reducing the amine transporter expression on the plasmatic membrane. Conversely, in the anterior hypothalamic region endothelin-3 enhanced neuronal norepinephrine transporter activity by increasing the expression of the transporter on the presynaptic membrane, whereas endothelin-1 induced the opposite effect. Present results permit us to conclude that both endothelins play an important role in the regulation of norepinephrine neurotransmission at the presynaptic nerve endings in the hypothalamus.

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