To investigate whether the occurrence or clearance of microhemorrhages in cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)-related vascular inflammation can be modified by immunosuppressive treatment.Methods:
Clinical and radiologic follow-up for more than 5 years of a patient with histopathologically confirmed CAA-related vascular inflammation treated with a prolonged and tapered regimen of IV cyclophosphamide and oral steroids.Results:
Under long-term immunosuppressive treatment, a reduced number of cortical micobleeds was observed on repeat MRIs because of both the prevention of new microbleeds and the clearance of those existing at baseline.Conclusions:
Sustained immunosuppression should be considered and systematically investigated as a treatment option for cortical microbleeds in CAA and related inflammatory phenotypes.Classification of evidence:
This study provides Class IV evidence. This is a single observational study without controls.