The aim of this study is to investigate through polysomnography sleep quality in children with rolandic epilepsy and compare sleep variables between these children and healthy controls.Methods
Our study population included 15 children with rolandic epilepsy and 27 healthy children who underwent overnight polysomnography. Parameters about sleep architecture and sleep respiratory events were recorded and analyzed. The level of statistical significance was set at 0.05.Results
Patients and controls did not differ in basic epidemiological traits. The percentage of sleep stage rapid eye movement was significantly lower in the epilepsy group. Moreover, the mean value of the obstructive apnea index and the obstructive apnea-hypopnea index was significantly higher in children with rolandic epilepsy compared with healthy children. Longest apnea duration and basal SpO2 during sleep had also the trend to be higher and lower, respectively, in children with epilepsy.Conclusions
Children with rolandic epilepsy exhibit alterations in sleep architecture, as well as in sleep respiratory patterns. Therefore, sleep quality should be routinely considered in the long-term follow-up of these children.