The glutamatergic hypofunction hypothesis of schizophrenia has led to the development of novel therapeutic strategies modulating NMDA receptor function. One of these strategies targets the activation of the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5 receptor) using positive allosteric modulators (PAMs). Our goal was to evaluate the potential for repeated administration of the mGlu5 receptor PAM, CDPPB (3-cyano-N-(1,3-diphenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzamide) (30 mg/kg) to induce tolerance to the anti-psychotic like effect using the amphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion rat model, and to produce receptor desensitization in mGlu5 receptor-enriched brain regions. CDPPB dose dependently reduced the locomotor response to amphetamine when administered acutely, and the same effect was observed following 7-day pre-treatment regime. In addition, 7-day dosing of CDPPB did not affect mGlu5 receptor density in the striatum, nor did it change mGlu5 receptor PAM-induced phosphorylation of NMDA, GluN1 and GluN2b, receptor subunits in striatum compared to the levels measured acutely. In contrast, in the frontal cortex, repeated administration of CDPPB decreased mGlu5 receptor density and resulted in a loss of its ability to increase GluN1 and GluN2b levels. Consistent with a reduction of cortical mGlu5 receptor density and phosphorylation, CDPPB (30 mg/kg) significantly affected sleep architecture as determined by cortical EEG at day one however by the seventh day of dosing all sleep changes were absent. Together these results suggest that the development of tolerance induced by the repeated treatment with the mGlu5 receptor PAM, CDPPB, may depend not only on the system being measured (sleep architecture vs psychostimulant induced hyperactivity), but also on the brain region involved with frontal cortex being a more susceptible region to receptor desensitization and internalization than striatum.
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled ‘Schizophrenia’.Highlights
▸ We compare the effects of 1d vs. 7d repeated dosing of the mGlu5 receptor PAM CDPPB. ▸ Tolerance to repeat dosing of CDPPB depends on the brain region being examined. ▸ No change in attenuation of amphetamine-induced hyperactivity. ▸ In the striatum, no change in mGlu5-R density or CDPPB-induced NMDA-R phosphorylation. ▸ In frontal cortex, loss of EEG sleep changes, reduction in mGlu5-R density and signaling.