Word List Learning and Prediction of Recall After Frontal Lobe Lesions

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The effect of frontal lobe lesions on the accuracy of prediction of recall in a word list learning task was studied. Fifty-nine patients with a focal brain lesion and 21 non–brain-damaged control patients memorized a word list by selective reminding and predicted before each recall trial the number of words they would be able to recall. The patients with left frontal lesions, who were inferior to the patients with right frontal lesions and the control patients in word list recall, overpredicted their recall more than the other brain-damaged patients or the control patients, especially on the 1st trial. The patients with right frontal lesions were less accurate in the prediction of recall than the patients with right posterior lesions or the control patients.

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