Juvenile-onset metachromatic leukodystrophy: Biochemical and electrophysiologic studies

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Article abstract

A 15-year-old girl with juvenile-onset metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) had markedly decreased leukocyte arylsulfatase A activity and low levels of leukocyte beta galactosidase and serum acid phosphatase. There was marked slowing of nerve condition velocity, and metachromasia was seen in biopied surd nerve. Leukocyte arylsulfatase A activity was decreased in all members of the girl's family, and sural nerve action potentials were abnormal in two asymptomatic siblings. Electrophysiologic studies combined with biochemical studies may aid in the identification of presymptomatic metachromatic leukodystrophy homozygotes or asymptomatic heterozygotes.

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