We here enumerate criteria that we believe are suitable for the diagnosis of migraine in children. Using these criteria, we identified 84 children retrospectively, and studied their illness for 3 to 9 years thereafter. The majority were male, and 47 patients had frontal headaches. EEGs were performed in 64 children: 17 were paroxysmal, but 7 patients never developed seizures. Referral to a neurologist occurred when there was a marked increase in the frequency or severity of headaches. Irrespective of the form of treatment, about one-half of all patients had more than a 50 percent reduction in headache frequency in the 6 months following their initial visit to a neurologist.