Gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina with hyperornithinemia: Tubular aggregates and type 2 fiber atrophy in muscle

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Article abstract

We studied 21 patients with gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina and hyperornithinemia. Although the patients were not weak, type 2 muscle fibers were almost universally atrophic and had tubular aggregates. Gyrate atrophy is the first disease in which females are shown to have tubular aggregates; the sexes were affected equally. In gyrate atrophy the number of type 2 fibers decreases with age. The muscle and eye changes are probably related to abnormal creatine synthesis, caused, in gyrate atrophy, by the increased body pool of ornithine; muscle abnormalities may also be present in other tapetoretinal dystrophies.

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