Increased levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and tumor necrosis factor receptor in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Article abstract

We investigated the presence of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor (sTNF-R) antigens in the CSF of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) using a double-determinant ELISA. Patients with acute relapsing MS during an exacerbation (p < 0.001) and those with chronic progressive MS (p < 0.001) had significantly increased CSF levels of SICAM-1 compared with subjects with other neurologic diseases. CSF levels of sTNF-R were also significantly increased in patients with acute relapsing MS during an exacerbation (p < 0.001) and chronic progressive MS (p < 0.001) compared with subjects with other neurologic diseases. CSF levels of sICAM-1 and sTNF-R were positively correlated in patients with acute relapsing MS during an exacerbation (r = 0.81, p < 0.01) and chronic progressive MS (r = 0.86, p < 0.001). These results suggest that active immune reactions involving ICAM-1 and TNF-R production are present within the CNS and that both sICAM-1 and sTNF-R are important immunologic markers of the clinical activity of MS.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles