The immunosuppressive agent FK 506 is widely used in liver transplant patients. Neurotoxicity is a major complication of its use. We report progressive and irreversible neurologic complications occurring in a 39-year-old women who underwent liver transplantation and was treated with FK 506. Neuropathologic examination revealed multiple vasculitic lesions. The possibility of an FK 506-mediated toxic effect on the cerebral vessels is suggested.