To evaluate the effect of IV recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in patients with hyperdense artery sign (HAS) on initial CT scan.Methods:
The authors determined the differential effect of IV rt-PA (0.9 mg/kg) in patients with HAS by testing the interaction of rt-PA and HAS in a logistic regression model after adjusting for age, sex, initial NIH Stroke Scale score (NIHSSS), time to randomization, systolic blood pressure, serum glucose, body temperature, and rt-PA in 616 patients treated within 3 hours of symptom onset. Outcomes evaluated included intracranial hemorrhage, modified Rankin scale (mRS) 0–1, Barthel Index (BI) of ≥ 95, Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) of 0–1, NIHSSS 0–1, and death at 90 days.Results:
HAS was detected on the initial CT scan in 91 (15%) of the 616 patients by an independent neuroradiologist. Significantly lower rates of mRS 0–1, BI ≥ 95, GOS of 0–1, or NIHSSS 0–1 at 90 days were observed among patients with HAS. IV rt-PA significantly increased the rates of mRS 0–1, BI ≥ 95, GOS of 0–1, or NIHSSS 0–1 at 90 days after adjusting for potential confounders without any significant modifying effect (interaction) of HAS. Among the 91 patients with HAS, rt-PA use demonstrated a trend or significance for increased adjusted rates of favorable outcomes by mRS (p = 0.04), BI (p = 0.1), GOS (p = 0.03), and NIHSSS (p = 0.01).Conclusion:
Although hyperdense artery sign is associated with poor outcome, IV recombinant tissue plasminogen activator may be beneficial in this subgroup of patients with ischemic stroke.