Should there be pediatric neurohospitalists?

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Hospitalist medicine has gown rapidly over the past decade in response to increasing complexity of hospitalized patients, financial pressures, and a national call for improved quality and safety outcomes. An adult neurohospitalist model of care has recently emerged to address these factors and the need for inpatient neurologists who offer expertise and immediate availability for emergent neurologic conditions such as acute stroke and status epilepticus. Similarly, hospitalized children with acute neurologic disorders require a uniquely high level of care, which increasingly cannot be delivered by pediatric neurologists with busy outpatient practices or by pediatric hospitalists without specialized training. This perspective explores the concept of a pediatric neurohospitalist model of care, including the potential impact on quality of care, hospitalization costs, and education.

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