Evaluation of hyperacute infarct volume using ASPECTS and brain CT perfusion core volume

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Objective:To compare the accuracy of Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) and CT perfusion to detect established infarction in acute anterior circulation stroke.Methods:We performed an observational study in 59 acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke patients who underwent brain noncontrast CT, CT perfusion, and MRI within 100 minutes from CT imaging. ASPECTS scores were calculated by 4 blinded vascular neurologists. The accuracy of ASPECTS and CT perfusion core volume to detect an acute MRI diffusion lesion of ≥70 mL was evaluated using receiver operating characteristics analysis and optimum cutoff values were calculated using Youden J.Results:Median ASPECTS score was 8 (interquartile range [IQR] 5–9). Median CT perfusion core volume was 22 mL (IQR 10.4–71.9). Median MRI diffusion lesion volume was 24.5 mL (IQR 10–63.9). No significant difference was found between the accuracy of CT perfusion and ASPECTS (c statistic 0.95 vs 0.87, p value for difference = 0.17). The optimum ASPECTS cutoff score to detect a diffusion-weighted imaging lesion ≥70 mL was <7 (sensitivity 0.74, specificity 0.86, Youden J = 0.60) and the optimum CT perfusion core volume cutoff was ≥50 mL (sensitivity 0.86, specificity 0.97, Youden J = 0.84). The CT perfusion core lesion covered a median of 100% (IQR 86%–100%) of the acute MRI lesion volume (Pearson R = 0.88; R2 = 0.77).Conclusions:We found no significant difference between the accuracy of CT perfusion and ASPECTS to predict hyperacute MRI lesion volume in ischemic stroke.

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