The emerging field of teleneurology is delivering quality care to neurologic patients in increasingly numerous technologies and configurations. Teleneurology is well-positioned to address many of the logistical issues neurologists and their patients encounter today. However, formalized medical training has not caught up with this developing field, and there is a lack of formal education concentrating on the specific opportunities and challenges of teleneurology. Considering this, the American Academy of Neurology Telemedicine Work Group identified equivalencies with which any practitioner of teleneurology should be familiar. The purpose of this curriculum is not to define teleneurology or mandate where its use is appropriate, but rather to provide guidance on basic equivalencies that students, residents, and practitioners should know while practicing teleneurology. Comprehensive training in clinical bedside neurology is necessary to safely practice teleneurology and the components of this curriculum are an extension of that training. In this article, we offer a detailed discussion on the rationale for the contents of this curriculum and conclude by providing a model curriculum and an outline for evaluating residents in teleneurology.