|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
The present study investigated whether centrally administered phosphatidylserine (PS) could modify the behavior of chicks under isolation-induced stress. Isolation stress-induced vocalization and spontaneous activity for 10 min, which were attenuated by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of PS. The effect of PS was compared with other phospholipids or l-serine, a constituent of PS. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) had no effect on these behavior, but phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) significantly increased vocalizations and spontaneous activity compared with PS. l-Serine similarly decreased isolation-induced vocalizations and spontaneous activity. To clarify the mechanism by which central PS attenuates isolation-induced stress behavior, the contribution of the acetylcholine (ACh) receptor (AChR) was also investigated. PS was co-injected i.c.v. with the muscarinic AChR (M-AChR) antagonist scopolamine or the nicotinic AChR (N-AChR) antagonist hexamethonium. The suppression of vocalizations and spontaneous activity by PS was partially attenuated by scopolamine, but not hexamethonium. These findings indicate that isolation-induced stress behavior are attenuated by PS, acting partially through the M-AChR.