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Astrocytes play a role in energy metabolism, neuronal homeostasis and release of neuronal growth factors and several neurotransmitters. They also relate to a variety of brain diseases and contribute to restore brain dysfunction. Although current research has revealed several roles for astrocytes, knowledge on astrocytic protein expression is limited and a systematic and comprehensive proteome study of astrocytes has not been reported so far. We applied a proteomics technique based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF) and unambiguously identified 301 spots corresponding to 191 individual proteins in primary mouse astrocytes. The identified proteins were from antioxidant, chaperone, cytoskeleton, nucleic acid binding, signaling, proteasomal, hypothetical and miscellaneous proteins. A reference database is provided and proteins were identified in astrocytes specifically and unambiguously for the first time. A reliable analytical tool independent of antibody availability and specificity along with tentative astrocytic marker proteins is described.