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Experiments on rhesus macaques were used to study the relationship between the characteristics of delayed visual differentiation and stimulus properties in conditions of pharmacological treatment with the m-cholinoreceptor blocker amizil, with the aim of identifying how modification of cholinergic structures affects different types of information. Disturbances to short-term memory for all stimuli consisted of reductions in the duration of retention and increases in motor reaction times, but occurred at different doses of the blocker: amizil at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg significantly decreased the retention duration for information relating to spatial relationships. Delayed discrimination of shape, contrast, and size worsened after treatment with amizil at a dose of 0.45-0.50 mg/kg, while decreases in the duration of short-term storage of information relating to color started after amizil doses of 0.6-0.8 mg/kg. It is suggested that the short-term memory system includes a set of neurophysiological mechanisms in which the cholinergic structures are organized differently and whose specific properties result in differences in the characteristics of short-term storage of different types of visual information.