The Effects of Rotation Stress on Measures of Immunity. The Role of Opiate Receptors


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Abstract

Experiments were performed on mongrel male rats to study the effects of blockade of δ, μ, and κ opiate receptors on antibody formation, delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH), and changes in the numbers of antibody-forming cells (AFC) and nucleated cells in the lymph nodes and spleen in a local form of immune response in a model of rotation stress. These studies showed that rotation stress led to mild suppression of immune inflammation in DTH, significant increases in the numbers of AFC and nucleated cells in regional lymph nodes, but no change in the peripheral blood antibody titer. Blockade of δ, μ, and κ opiate receptors with naloxone altered these stress-induced effects. It is suggested that abolition of the stimulating effect of rotation stress on the number of AFC and depression of DTH may be associated with blockade of the effects of β-endorphin and met-enkephalin, which act predominantly via stimulation of δ receptors.

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