Tentorial Posterior Fossa Meningioma: Which Is the Ideal Surgical Approach: Supra/Infratentorial Combined or Retrosigmoid?

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Tentorial meningiomas account for 2% to 3% of all intracranial meningiomas. The authors present their experience with posterior fossa tentorial meningiomas, and discuss the main features, which influence approaches and complications of the different surgical techniques. Twenty-four patients had meningiomas localized predominantly in posterior fossa. Their historical records and radiologic examinations were reviewed in accordance with Simpson's classification. The extension of tumor removal was Simpson grade I in 12 patients (50%), grade II in 12 patients (50%), and grades III and IV in none of the patients. In 22 patients (91.66%), the meningioma was classified as grade I and in 2 cases (8.33%) classified as grade II (atypical meningioma). The combined supra/infratentorial was employed in 12 cases, and complete resections were most common with this approach compared with retrosigmoid technique. Postoperative complications occurred in 10 patients (41.6%) with major deficits in 3 patients (12.5%). The authors believe that careful preoperative choice of the surgical approach should be based on tumor location and extension. It is then possible to achieve the best radical microsurgical tumor resection, avoiding additional injury to neurovascular structures.

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