Pediatric Posterior Fossa Tumors: Hazards of the “Preoperative” Shunt

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Abstract

Many neurosurgeons recommend a “preoperative” shunt for children with posterior fossa tumors. It has been reported that the definitive surgery is simplified and the postoperative course is more benign as a result of the cerebrospinal fluid diversion. The present report documents complications as a result of upward herniation and hemorrhage within the tumor after shunt placement. On the basis of this experience, we conclude that a shunt is potentially hazardous and should be restricted to that selected group of patients who are acutely ill from increased intracranial pressure that is refractory to temporizing pharmacological management.

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