Intracranial Suprasellar Angiolipoma: Ultrastructural and Immunohistochemical Features

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

THE AUTHORS PRESENT ultrastructural and immunohistochemical characteristics of an intracranial suprasellar tumor displaying features of cavernous angioma with islets of adipose tissue. Electron microscopy revealed thin-walled vessels separated by a loose collagenous stroma containing nests of mature adipocytes as well as fibroblasts, myofibroblasts, mast cells, and a few macrophages. Intracytoplasmic lipid droplets were also identified in scattered pericytes and smooth muscle cells of vascular walls and in the transitional cells resembling smooth muscle cells and adipocytes. Many adipose tissue cells were positive for S-100 protein with polyclonal antibodies. Other lipidized tumor cells were immunoreactive for some or all of the following: smooth muscle-specific actin, factor XIIIa, vimentin, and, occasionally, for desmin. Ultrastructure and immunohistochemistry indicate that in addition to typical adipocytes, lipidized cells of another nature contribute to the characteristic appearance of the adipose tissue component of angiolipoma.

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