AbstractOBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE:
We describe the surgical treatment of a small, distal, middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm, performed using intraoperative color-coded duplex sonography for localization.CLINICAL PRESENTATION:
A 55-year-old man presented with a sudden intense headache. Computed tomographic scans revealed a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Angiography demonstrated two MCA aneurysms, one arising from the proximal bifurcation of the right MCA and the other from its distal bifurcation.TECHNIQUE:
On Day 1, the proximal MCA aneurysm was clipped via the standard transsylvian approach. The distal MCA aneurysm was identified with the aid of color-coded duplex sonography and was successfully clipped with minimal additional dissection of the sylvian fissure.CONCLUSION:
Color-coded duplex sonography provides a two-dimensional image of the brain parenchyma and color-coded flow imaging of cerebral vessels in real time. It may be used for rapid intraoperative localization of small, distally located, cerebral aneurysms.