Oxyhemoglobin (OxyHb) is thought to be a critical trigger in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. We investigated whether extraluminally applied OxyHb influenced vascular responses to intraluminally applied vasoactive agents in isolated, perfused, canine basilar arteries.METHODS:
The steel cannula insertion method was used to examine vascular responses to intraluminally applied 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor agonists, i.e., 5-HT, 5-carboxamidotryptamine (selective for 5-HT1 receptors), and α-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine (selective for 5-HT2 receptors), potassium chloride, and acetylcholine, before and after extraluminal treatment with OxyHb.RESULTS:
Extraluminal application of 2.5 × 10-5 mol/L OxyHb immediately induced a transient elevation of the basal perfusion pressure, which gradually decreased and then stabilized at a level slightly higher than the control level. Each 5-HT agonist induced dose-dependent vasoconstriction. The potencies of the agonists were not very different, but the efficacies varied, i.e., α-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine > 5-HT > 5-carboxamidotryptamine. Each response was strongly inhibited by ketanserin (a selective 5-HT2 receptor antagonist), indicating that each agonist induces vasoconstriction mediated by 5-HT2 receptors. The vasoconstriction in response to each 5-HT receptor agonist was consistently potentiated by treatment with OxyHb (2.5 × 10-5 mol/L). 5-HT receptor agonist-induced constrictions after OxyHb treatment were much more markedly inhibited by ketanserin, compared with those before OxyHb treatment. Acetylcholine-induced constrictions were enhanced by OxyHb, but Kcl-induced constrictions were significantly decreased by OxyHb.CONCLUSION:
It is suggested that OxyHb enhancement of constrictions in response to 5-HT receptor agonists may be mediated by increased sensitivity of 5-HT2 receptors, in addition to actions in the endothelium, in canine basilar arteries. This potentiated vasoconstrictor mechanism may be partially implicated in cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage.